The brickwork above the windows was visibly lifting and cracking. An inspection by Action Wall Ties quickly identified the cause as corroding mild steel arch bars which were reducing the support from the existing lintel arrangement. This type of fault also results in difficulties with opening and closing windows.
The flat brickwork arches in the building were of differing ages but all were built on mild steel arch bars. As these bars had rusted the resulting ferrous oxide (rust) expanded to several times the thickness of the original metal in turn lifting and cracking the brickwork above. In places the facing brickwork had crumbled to reveal the metalwork.
The remedial works were designed to add tensile strength and reinstate the brickwork’s integrity without detracting from the appearance of the building.
The brickwork openings required remedial support and the arch bars needed to be removed to stop any further damage to the building. Bed joint reinforcement and beaming fenestration lintel repair techniques were used to restore the tensile strength of the masonry.
Bricks were carefully removed to allow the cutting and removal of the corroding arch bars. Two rows of twin 8mm stainless steel corded joint reinforcement fixings were installed forming a deep masonry beam. The formation of continuous beams within the existing masonry redistributes the upper storey loads and assists in restraining diagonal cracking and bulging.
Specialist drilling rigs were used to drill for and install helical stainless steel pins through the brick arch and into the line of the deep masonry beam that had been installed within the existing masonry.
Where possible the existing bricks were reused. Replacement bricks were colour matched to blend in with the original brickwork. The cracked mortar was raked out and repaired with new coloured sand and cement mortar to match the existing mortar.
Action Wall Ties serve customers throughout the South East i.e. Kent, Greater London, Sussex and Essex.
Action Wall Ties (AWT) are specialists in masonry reinforcement and repair, providing professional solutions to a wide variety of structural problems including issues with window arches. Contact us on 01227 721 255, or email us.